It spreads quickly by underground runners, so make sure to remove them to control spread. Roughleaf Dogwood - Photo by John D. Byrd, Mississippi State University, Bugwood.org Some dogwood varieties have tiny yellowish-green inconspicuous flowers surrounded by large white petal-like bracts. The green foliage turns a spectacular bright red in the fall. Dogwood trees are small to medium-sized trees, growing between 10 and 25 ft. (3 – 7.6 m) tall. As a small tree or large shrub, the ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood grows up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. Flowering Dogwood Trees and Shrubs: Types, Leaves, Bark – Identification (With Pictures). Then, see if the leaves are elongated oval shapes with smooth edges and a pointed tip. This plant has no children Legal Status. This bark is covered with rough flattened scales that are taller than wide. Symptoms and Diagnosis. The Kousa dogwood tree is a small to medium flowering shade tree that produces multitudes of large white star-shaped flowers in spring. However, the dogwood blooms into life in later winter, producing clusters of yellow flowers before the leaves appear. The lime-green oblong-ovate leaves have prominent veins that stretch toward the pointed tips. Also Known As: Rough Leaf Dogwood Botanical Name: Cornus drummondii Plant Type: Ornamental Tree Light Requirement: Full Sun, Partial Shade Water Demand: Low Landscape Use: Fragrance, Focal Point/Specimen Plant, Erosion Control, Screen - Physical Ornamental Value: White, Burgundy Fall Color Native/Adapted: Native Wildlife Value: Butterflies , Birds, Mammals After the large shrubs or small trees are established, you only need to water them regularly on hot summer days. This small, deciduous, bushy native blooms after leaves have formed in late spring with white flower clusters. Roughleaf dogwood is an unevenly shaped, cool-season shrub or small tree. Flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) tree and flowers. They are ovate to lanceolate, 3 – 4.7″ (8 – 12 cm) long, and arranged in opposite pairs. In the fall, the attractive large leaves turn a golden yellow color. To grow dogwood trees, plant them in partial shade or full sun. The olive to pinkish-brown twigs are rough to the touch. When masses of flowers bloom during April and May, the dogwood is a stunning tree in backyards. In addition to shade trees, Chambersville offers a large variety of evergreen trees and shrubs for the purpose of privacy plantings and noise barriers. The dogwood leaves are oppositely arranged and are 1.5 – 3.2 “(4–8 cm) long. The Mountain dogwood is a medium-sized flowering tree that produces large star-shaped flowers and has broad oval leaves. Dogwood flowers are usually white, but can also be pink or yellow. They are simple, opposite, ovate (egg-shaped), and smooth margined. Some species of tree produce pinkish or red petals, making the flowering tree even more attractive. The flowering dogwood leaf can grow to 5 inches in length. Dogwood bark: Pagoda dogwood bark is brownish-gray and develops shallow vertical ridges as it matures. Cornaceae. Common names are from state and federal lists. The leaves are 2-3 inches long, opposite, egg-shaped to elliptical in shape with a long narrow tip. Dogwood tree leaves are identified by their elongated oval shape, visible curving veins, and smooth edges. Dogwood leaves: Bloodtwig dogwood leaves have distinctive curved veins in the ovate green leaves. Some dogwood types produce pink and yellow flowers. Dogwood leaves measure 2” to 4” (5 – 10 cm) long, and the elongated rounded form tapers to a point. Some dogwood berries look like bright scarlet-red grape-like fruits growing in tight clusters. Dogwood bark: Giant dogwood tree bark is greenish-brown or gray with a smooth feel and shallow veins. Dogwood bark: The wedding cake tree has smooth greenish-gray bark with shallow grooves. Types of Small Flowering Dogwood Trees or Shrubs (With Pictures) 101 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3A243DD48E517241B94144961B411551><729E9C5FB668264D91D53BDBC755DF20>]/Index[81 34]/Info 80 0 R/Length 101/Prev 278306/Root 82 0 R/Size 115/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Rough-leaved dogwood is a native large shrub or small tree, often mistaken for gray dogwood. Flowering dogwood trees bloom from mid-March through May. Some types of dogwoods look like shrubs as they are small shrubby multi-stemmed plants. Roughleaf dogwood forms a dense thicket of intertwined branches, making it ideal for use as a hedge, border, or as a The roughleaf dogwood is used as a buffer strip around parking lots, in the median of highways and near the decks and patios of homes. hÞbbd```b``z "§IÉV @$«Ü"Y"Àl°zU0 f³n³Àæ(H®H9e+d,=bÇÿ£Ë¶íª¥üÏÀ¸â+@ Roughleaf dogwood. Clusters of tiny white flowers bloom in spring and summer before producing dark blue drupes. During the sum-mer months, roughleaf dogwood produces many off-white, four-petaled, open flowers, and these are followed by many small, round fruits which ripen from August to October. The red-osier dogwood and rough-leaf dogwood leaves fall between 1.5 and 3.5 inches long, with alternate-leaf dogwood slightly larger, some making it to lengths of 4.5 inches. The small white flowers are grown in rounded clusters, and they give way to immature green fruits that turn white when ripened. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. â roughleaf dogwood Subordinate Taxa. The dark-green leaves turn a dark purple color in the fall. The dogwood bark has a distinct scaly appearance. Flowers from stiff dogwood trees give off an unpleasant smell. Some species of dogwood trees have poisonous berry-like drupe, and some are edible. ‘Wolf Eyes’ dogwood is a small tree or multi stemmed shrub which is a smaller cultivar of the popular Cornus kousa tree. After flowering, evergreen dogwoods produce sweet, edible red berry-like fruits. Dogwood leaves: Mountain dogwood tree leaves are large elongated oval, glossy green leaves with pronounced veins. As the dogwood matures, the bark becomes scaly and flaky before developing into block-like patterns. olive green leaves with paler undersides. However, the beautiful dogwood is also popular as a specimen tree in garden landscapes. Rough-leaved dogwood is an irregularly branched thicket-forming shrub or small, spreading tree. The spread of the crown is usually more expansive than the tree is tall. Dogwood trees, scientifically known as the Cornus florida, are great for adding color to one's garden and landscape. This article is a comprehensive guide to the most popular and spectacular varieties of dogwood trees and shrubs. Left to right: Fruits of Cornus mas, C. alba ‘Sibirica’, C. kousa, and C. sanguinea). The Cornelian cherry dogwood species is a small flowering tree or medium to large deciduous shrub with tiny flowers, green oblong leaves, and red berries. Compared to other species of dogwood, the Cornelian cherry doesn’t have showy spring flowers. Dogwood bark: Cornelian cherry dogwood bark is rough and scaly that peels to create orange and brown patterns. Previous Next. On many varieties of dogwoods, the gray-brown bark has an unusual pattern resembling alligator skin. This pretty understory tree grows 10 to 20 feet and can also succeed in full sun. Cornus alba ‘Sibirica’ red twigs in winter. The ovate leaves are light green with creamy-white edges. The distinctive bark of dogwood trees makes these trees easy to identify. Dogwood leaves: ‘Wolf Eyes’ Japanese dogwood leaves are variegated lance-shaped leaves with green centers and ivory-colored wavy margins. The long, lanceolate leaves turn a deep red or purple color in the fall. Cornus drummondii (Roughleaf Dogwood) is a species of shrub in the family dogwoods. Bloodtwig dogwood grows in warm sunny locations and is native to Europe. Roughleaf dogwood is a shrub that can reach 15 feet in height. One reason why flowering dogwood trees are popular is that they are low-maintenance garden trees. Gray dogwood typically grows 10 – 15 ft. (3 -4.5 m) tall, with similar spread. Unripe berries of the Rough Leaved Dogwood. It can grow to a height of 15 to 25 feet (4.6 - 7.6 m) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3.1 - 4.6 m). Sun/part shade; deciduous, with the characteristic, heavily veined, teardrop-shaped leaves found on other dogwoods. Bark on flowering dogwood trees is one of its distinctive identifying features. Let’s look in more detail at some of the best dogwood trees for growing in front or backyards. %%EOF Red osier dogwood requires well-draining, rich moist soil, and grows well in full sun or partly shaded areas. This multi-trunk, small flowering dogwood has a vase-shaped growth that gradually becomes rounded. 114 0 obj <>stream Roughleaf Dogwood. The simple leaves grow in an opposite arrangement on reddish-colored or green stems. Some say that the leaves of roughleaf dogwood give off a sour milk scent. The grayish bark peels off to reveal tan or orange patches underneath. Mountain dogwood trees are native to the Western United States and related to the Cornus florida tree. They add decorative touch to any garden. This shrubby dogwood has a rounded habit and it spreads through underground rhizomes that send up suckers. Descriptions and pictures of dogwoods will help identify the best trees for growing in your backyard. Versatile and thicket-forming, roughleaf dogwood is especially common at creeksides and in deep understory. Noteworthy Characteristics. endstream endobj startxref A large specimen has a trunk with grey bark. They are about 1 to 4 inches long and have parallel, elastic veins that hold together even after the leaf has been broken or pulled apart. Roughleaf Dogwood, Cornel Dogwood, Small-flower Dogwood, White Cornel Cornus drummondii . Images are provided in galleries and are available by common name, scientific name, family, ecosystem, and wetland indicator status. Dogwood leaves: Gray dogwood has green leaves that are lance-shaped and have fewer veins than other dogwood species. About Rough-leaf Dogwood. The pagoda dogwood grows between 15 and 25 ft. (4.5 – 7.6 m) tall. Cornus drummondii, commonly called rough-leaved dogwood, is a common, thicket-forming, Missouri-native dogwood that typically grows 6-15â tall and as wide.Throughout most of its growing range, it is primarily found in moist to wet locations. Dogwood bark: New bark of gray dogwood is tan-brown that turns to gray as the twigs mature. In spring, the Mountain dogwood is covered in white flowers, then in summer, dark green foliage, before turning spectacular orange and red color in the fall. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Louisiana Plant ID is an online resource for images and descrptions of Louisiana plants and ecosystems. endstream endobj 82 0 obj <. Mountain dogwood trees grow between 15 and 40 ft. (4.5 – 12 m) tall. Dogwood leaves: Evergreen dogwood leaves are dull green and may turn reddish in autumn. The Cornus kousa ‘Greensleeves’ is a variegated variety of dogwood with bright yellow and green colors. Here are some of the types of small dogwood trees or shrubs. Most species of dogwood are fast-growing ornamental trees that are ideal for garden landscapes. These magnificent dogwood trees grow up to 40 ft. (12 m) tall with a similar size spread. Dogwood leaves: Red osier dogwood leaves are dark green with paler dull green underside and are 2 – 4.7″ (5–12 cm) long. Dogwood trees are easy to recognize due to their characteristic bark, smooth oval leaves, and white flower clusters. The flowering dogwood tree is a small- to medium-sized deciduous tree growing between 10 and 30 ft. (5 – 10 m). Dogwoods trees produce berry-like fruit in various colors, shapes and sizes. Leaves on giant dogwood stems grow in an alternate arrangement. Stiff dogwood is a small flowering tree or large shrub with multiple trunks. Dogwood anthracnose and powdery mildew are of particular concern. The fruit is a round attractive white berry, 0.2 – 0.35″ (5–9 mm) in size. The dogwood leaves are ovate to oblong shape and grow opposite. Home Rough-leaf dogwood does well in drought conditions. It has a self-supporting growth form. Dogwood is a popular ornamental tree with its flowering bracts, elegant foliage, and bright red fruits. 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